How oral contraceptive work, how safe and effective is it? 

Preventing unwanted pregnancy is one of the major concerns for married females and also for sexually active females.

Which type of birth control method you want to use totally depends upon you, since there are many options available to prevent unwanted pregnancy.

One of the easiest and safest ways to prevent unwanted pregnancy is to use birth control pills or contraceptive pills.

If you are a sexually active female, then you may prefer the birth control pill because it is one of the safest ways to prevent unwanted pregnancy. Birth control pills or oral contraceptive pills can be taken from the mouth to prevent pregnancy.

In this article we will explore how oral contraceptive pills work and these factors will help you to decide whether you should go for these pills or not. 

Type of oral contraceptive pills

Progestin-only Pills

Progestin-only pills contain progestin, these pills are without estrogen. Progestin-only pills are also known as mini-pills, these pills are an ideal choice for those women who can’t take estrogen because of health reasons.

All pills in progestin-only pills cycles are active pills, there are no inactive pills. With the use of these pills you may get your periods in 4th week, or you may not have periods. Your periods may be heavier or lighter than normal.  

Combination pills 

Combination contraceptive pills are usually used with a combination of two pills. These pills contain synthetic hormones such as estrogen and progestin. Most of the pills in this combination are active pills which mean pills contain hormones.

These pills can be used in various combinations. Most common combinations of these pills are monophasic pills this combination can be used in one-month cycle and each pill has same amount of hormone, multiphasic pills this combination is also used in one-month cycle, but each pill has different amount of hormone and extended cycle pills this combination of pills is used in for 13-week cycles. 

Do these pills really work?

As we know oral contraceptive pills are a very popular and common method to prevent unwanted pregnancy, but what is the percentage of efficacy of these pills?

These pills have a success rate of around 99% and failure rate of around 1%, which simply means if oils are taken correctly than 99% women out of 100 are not going to become pregnant. Meanwhile, in rare cases 100 out of 1 women may get unwanted pregnancy which is quite rare.

If women miss her daily pills of her oral contraceptive cycle then the failure rate goes up to 8%, which means 100 out of 8 women may become pregnant unintentionally if they miss their dose. On overall average these pills are pretty effective in preventing unwanted pregnancy. 

However, oral contraceptive pill therapy requires you to take pills regularly and the cycle of pills usually has a duration between 4-13 weeks. If you don’t prefer to take pills regularly or don’t want to take pills daily then you can go for long-term prevention of unwanted pregnancy, long-term solutions can be injection, implants and vaginal rings etc.

Check Out Why you should buy generic medicine over branded medicine?

How oral contraceptive pills work?

Oral contraceptive pills work in various ways, first these pills prevent your body from ovulating which simply means ovaries won’t release eggs each month which stop the process of pregnancy.

Second, oral contraceptive pills thicken the mucus around your cervix. This cervical mucus is fluid around the cervix which helps sperm to reach the uterus where it can fertilize. The thickening of mucus prevents sperm from reaching the uterus. 

However, progestin only pills work in different ways, these pills prevent unwanted pregnancy by thickening the mucus around the cervix and by thinning endometrium. Endometrium is the lining of your uterus where egg implants once it is fertilized. Thinning of lining makes it harder for the egg to implant which prevents the unwanted pregnancy.  

Benefits of Birth Control Pills or Oral Contraceptive Pills

Oral birth control pills have many benefits as these pills are very  affordable and can be bought from any drug store after getting prescribed from your doctor.

These pills prevent unwanted pregnancy for 24\7, so you don’t have to worry about the timing of your intercourse. 

Oral contraceptive pills are very effective to control unwanted pregnancy, these pills have an efficacy rate of around 99% which make these pills better than other pregnancy control methods. 

These pills are helpful for those women who have irregular periods. These pills help to regulate periods.

One of the best advantages of these pills is that the effect of these pills is reversible which means once you stop taking pills then you can get pregnant. 

These pills can be taken orally which make it the easiest method to prevent pregnancy while various other methods require surgical process. 

How safe are these pills?  

There is general concern among women about the safety of these oral contraceptive pills, especially women who have never used these pills before. These pills are considered to be pretty safe to use with no major side effects.

However, women with health problems such as breast cancer, diabetes, liver problems and other serious health problems should avoid taking these pills.

Common side effects

As we already mentioned that there are no major side effects of oral contraceptive pills, however there are various common side effects which can be low sex drive, nausea and breasts tenderness.

Most of the time these side effects go away after a few months. If these sides remain even after a few months, then you should consult a doctor for new and suitable oral contraceptive pills.  


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