Diseases Health

Liver Cirrhosis: Introduction, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment 

Liver Cirrhosis Introduction, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment 

Liver Cirrhosis is a progressive disease. This means that this disease is caused over many years and slowly develops in the body.

If a patient suffers from this disease, then the case most probably is that their liver develops scar tissue and deteriorates their liver function.

 If this is not identified and cured at early age, it can transform into a chronic liver disease.

The scarred tissue develops mostly because of long-term alcohol abuse or some viral infection.

Why should you take especial care of your liver? 

Liver is a vital organ of the body that produces bile juice, stores vitamin and sugar for later use by the body. It purifies blood and keeps away toxins from reaching the other body parts. 

Liver is an essential organ of the body that should be paid extra attention to. 

Cirrhosis cannot be caused overnight or in a short time span. This disease is a result of years of abuse and carelessness towards your liver health.

Cirrhosis makes the liver to shrink and harden. This exerts too much pressure on the portal vein. 

Portal veins deliver nutrient rich blood from digestive organ to liver. 

But, because the blood doesn’t pass through the liver, it exerts too much pressure on the vein which can even lead it to burst and bleed.

Causes

Alcohol, obesity, hepatitis, Wilson’s disease and antibiotics or antidepressant can also cause Cirrhosis. 

However, the most common causes of this disease are alcohol or viral hepatitis C. obesity and other diseases are less prone to cause Cirrhosis. 

Yet, if you do not take note on your obese body and try to gift a healthy body to yourself, your liver might get affected eventually.

Also Read: Generic Drug: A Complete Guide

Hepatitis infection:

Although hepatitis C is a common finding in people with Cirrhosis, hepatitis B and D can equally be a threat to the patient.

Hepatitis C can easily be transferred from one person to another. The source can be some kind of infected blood interaction. 

If you use an already used needle, or tattoo needles and piercing can also be potent carriers of infection. 

Not just some blood interaction but unprotected sexual intercourse with the infected person can also transfer the disease in you.

Hepatitis B and D can be a major reason of liver infection, which, in not cured in time, can cause Cirrhosis.

Alcohol:

Regular alcohol abuse can cause the liver to deteriorate and fail to function.  

If a woman consumes more than two doses of alcohol and a man, three doses of the same, they might develop Cirrhosis over time.

The liver will slowly be intoxicated by the amount of alcohol it consumes and will shrink and harden eventually. 

This will create a condition called portal hypertension.

Consuming a limited amount of alcohol won’t cause much harm to the body. But, taking in too much alcohol over a long period of time, say, 10 years will definitely harm your liver.

Symptoms : 

There is a small chance of noticing any symptoms in the patient. This is because Cirrhosis doesn’t show symptoms before it has completely taken over the liver. 

However, if you do experience changes, you might notice-

  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Easy bleeding or bruising
  • Reddening palm
  • Spider web like veins under skin
  • Nose bleed
  • Confusion
  • impotence
  • Itching
  • Jaundice

Diagnosis

You might not be able to figure out that you have Cirrhosis before you go to a regular medical examination. 

This is because this disease does not show any symptoms until it has progressed in the liver completely.

When the doctor will conduct tests, they will ask for your alcohol, medical, and family medical history.

Your doctor will suggest you take a blood test first and a test that will ascertain the shape and condition of your liver. It will check whether your liver is in right shape or is enlarged or has shrunk.

Some other types of tests might include:

  • Liver biopsy
  • Complete blood count
  • Albumin
  • Alpha fetoprotein
  • Upper endoscopy
  • Coagulation blood test

Treatment

If you want to cure yourself of Cirrhosis, you need to find the reason of your disease and cure that first.

Viral hepatitis infection or alcohol consumption are some common reasons that leads to scarring of tissue in the liver.

Therefore, you need to protect whatever healthy cells you have left in your liver. Thereafter, the liver will regenerate the tissues itself or with help of some medication.

Some treatment of Cirrhosis are listed below:

  • Quit alcohol if alcohol abuse is the cause of the disease
  • Hemodialysis
  • Lactulose
  • Beta blockers
  • Banding procedure
  • Intravenous antibiotics 

The bottom line

It is important to take care of the liver and have a healthy body to restrain any such disease in the future.

Controlling alcohol intake and getting regular checkup is the only way to avoid liver Cirrhosis.

Further Reading: 

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